Python is the common name for a group of non-venomous constricting snakes, specifically the family Pythonidae.They are considered primitive snakes with two lungs (most snakes have only one) and the remnants of hind legs and pelvic bones.
A hungry python tastes the air with its tongue to smell if prey is nearby. Special temperature-sensing pits on its face tells the snake if a warm-blooded animal is nearby. Size of the prey determines the time needed for digestion. Bigger prey can keep the snake satiated for weeks or months. Pythons eat 4-5 times per year.They eat wild animals such as monkeys, antelopes. Pythons kill their prey by the process of constriction, whereby they grasp the prey animal in their teeth to restrain it, hastily wrapping a number of coils around the body of the prey. Then, by applying sufficient pressure to prevent the prey from being able to inhale, they ultimately cause it to succumb to asphyxia.
Pythons will not usually attack humans unless startled or provoked, although females protecting their eggs can be aggressive. A very large adult python could kill a human being. Children can become prey and swallowed whole after being strangulated. Reports of python attacks on human beings were quite common in South and Southeast Asia in the past but are rare these days because, pythons have been aggressively hunted, driving some species (like the Indian Python) to the brink of extinction.
Females lay 12-36 eggs. She protects eggs and keeps them warm by coiling her body around them. When babies hatch, mother leaves the nest. Young snakes need to look after themselves from the first day. Pythons are cold-blooded animals, but they can increase their body temperature through sunbathing.
Some pythons are among the longest species of snakes in the world; the Reticulated Python holds the record for longest snake, at 10.32 m (32 ft 9.5 in). Some pythons have vivid colors and patterns on their scales while others are brown or olive. They usually have appropriate camouflage for their native habitat. Pythons can be found in the tropical areas of Africa and Asia. They can be found in rainforests, savannas and deserts.